Gonorrhea in men (Causes and Risk Factors)
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
Gonorrhea is one of the most common bacterial diseases, and transmission usually occurs during intercourse, both vaginal and anal or oral. Gonorrhea is a highly contagious disease, and all countries require disclosure to the health authorities.
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The incidence is 1 in 687 inhabitants per year.
Although gonorrhea occurs in all geographic areas and social classes, does not have a uniform distribution in the population because it has a greater impact on:
– Major urban areas.
– Areas with lower levels of education
– People of lower socioeconomic status.
– Persons aged between 15 and 29 years.
– People with bisexual couples
Risk factors include having a partner with a past history of any STD, and practicing unprotected sex (sex without using a condom).
In adolescents and children, transmission can occur by a non-sexual contact, but it is rare. In men, the risk of acquiring gonorrhea after an exchange with an infected woman vaginal is approximately 20% (1 chance in 5). In women, the risk of acquiring gonorrhea from an infected male is higher.
The average incubation period of gonorrhea is between 2 and 5 days after sexual contact with an infected partner. Symptoms may not appear until after 2 weeks.
The most common initial symptom is a mucosa urethral discharge (white or clear) or purulent (thick, yellowish). Appears at the opening of the penis and can stain your underwear. Other symptoms include painful urination and burning sensation in the urethra. A small number of men have no symptoms.
Anorectal Gonorrhea is more common in gay men (also available in approximately 50% of women with gonorrhea). Most of the people with anorectal gonorrhea have no symptoms but, if present, the most typical is proctitis.
A small percentage of people with gonorrhea have only strep throat (gonococcal pharyngitis).
From 10% to 25% of homosexual men (10 to 20% women) with gonorrhea also develop strep gonoccica.
Gonococcal conjunctivitis (eye infection) is very rare in adults.
Usually only occurs in newborns of mother with gonorrhea, and is called neonatal ophthalmia.
Gonorrhea is frequently associated with the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)