Kidney stones ( calculi ureteral ) result from stones or renal calculi ( from Latin s , Renes , ” kidney ” and calculus , ” stones ” ) in the ureter . The stones are solid concretions or calculi ( crystal aggregations ) formed in the kidneys from dissolved urinary minerals . Urolithiasis refers to the condition of the calculations are in the urinary tract (which also includes the kidneys) , which may form or pass into the urinary bladder. Ureterolithiasis is the condition of having a calculus in the ureter , the tube connecting the kidneys and bladder. The bladder stones term usually applied to the bladder urolithiasis in nonhuman animals , such as dogs and cats.
Kidney stones typically leave the body by passage in the urine stream , and many stones are formed and passed without causing symptoms. If stones grow to sufficient size before passage of the order of at least 2.3 mm which can cause obstruction of the ureter . The resulting obstruction causes dilation and stretching of the top of the ureter and the renal pelvis ( the kidney where urine collects before entering the ureter ) and muscle spasms of the ureter , trying to move the stone . This leads to pain , usually felt in the flank, lower abdomen and groin ( a condition called renal colic ) . Renal colic can be associated with nausea and vomiting . There may be blood in the urine , visible with the naked eye or under the microscope ( macroscopic or microscopic hematuria ) due to damage to the lining of the urinary tract .
There are several types of kidney stones based on the type of crystals they contain. Most stones are calcium oxalate, followed by calcium phosphate stones . More rarely , struvite stones are produced by urea- splitting bacteria in people with urinary tract infections , and people with certain metabolic disorders may produce uric acid stones or cystine .
The diagnosis of a kidney stone can be confirmed by imaging studies and / or ultrasound , urine tests and blood tests are also commonly performed . When a stone causes no symptoms, watchful waiting is a valid option . In other cases, pain control is the first step, using, for example NSAIDs or opioids. Using sound waves , some stones can be shattered into smaller fragments (called lithotripsy extracorporeal shock wave ) . Sometimes a procedure is required , which can be through a tube into the urethra , bladder and ureter ( URS ) , or keyhole or open surgical approach side of the kidneys . Sometimes , a catheter can be left in the ureter ( ureteral stent ) to prevent recurrence of pain. Constructive Prevention and often recommended as drinking enough water and milk , although the effect of many dietary interventions has not been studied rigorously .
Preparations with plants for stones in the kidneys or load
The primary role of phytotherapy in the problem of kidney stones is to use those plants whose purpose will result in:
Use plants antispasmodic and sedative to reduce the pain caused by renal colic .
Use plants diuretic to increase urination and possible expulsion from the stones.
Plants that prevent the formation of kidney stones.
For internal use :
Parsley : ( sientifico Name : Petroselinum crispum ) is one of the best diuretics , increased urination , so it is very useful to prevent stone formation , allowing the removal of sand through the urine before this settle and compact in the form of calculation . (Decoction of a teaspoon of dried root . Allow to stand for 1/4 of an hour and take a couple of cups a day ) ( Squeeze the tender plants and take a couple of tablespoons a day. Juice also sold in pharmacies and health food stores)
Nettle ( sientifico Name : Urtica dioica) Another very suitable plant to increase urine output so , as parsley, can help prevent stone formation or promote the expulsion of these when they are small .
Dandelion ( sientifico Name : Taraxacum officinale ) is one of the plants that stimulates the production of urine. To the extent that its common name in Catalan pixallits ( Mea beds ) refers to this aspect. Hence, its use is appropriate in those cases where it is interesting to remove both water – dropsy and obesity – as in those where it is essential to remove toxins from the blood – cholesterol, uric acid , diabetes , etc. . , And encourage expulsion of kidney stones
(Infusion of dried leaves . Take 3 cups a day . The same infusion can also be performed with the mixture of leaves roots. )
Birch : ( sientifico Name : Betula Alba ) Birch sap has been considered one of the best treatments to dissolve kidney stones . Birch sap is obtained by making a cut to the trunk of the tree in late winter , back in March. (Drink a couple of glasses a day.) This treatment is useful for the treatment of kidney stones or urinary tract located on . In all these cases , if there is no fresh sap , you can replace it by a decoction of dried bark (decoction for 5 minutes a teaspoon of crushed dried bark per cup of water . Drink 3 glasses a day )
When a person is prone to sand in the kidney, which predisposes to the formation of kidney stones, especially in oxalates , using infusion of dried leaves can help dissolve and expel this grit . ( Infusion of a teaspoon of dried leaves per cup of water for 10 minutes. Allow to stand 20 minutes . Take 3 cups a day )
Bearberry or uva ursi ( sientifico Name : Arctostaphylos uva- ursi) is quite effective in the treatment of kidney stones , not in their power to dissolve the stones but bactericidal values that prevent infections that often are associated with such ailments .
( Cold maceration for 4 hours to four teaspoons of shredded dried leaves per liter of water. Drink 3 glasses a day. ( Avoid macerate the leaves in hot water , as this way too much tannin release ) ( 20 drops of extract fluid twice daily ) (Crush several sheets and take 2 teaspoons a day . can be mixed with honey to make it more enjoyable )
Mint : ( sientifico Name : Mentha ssp. ) Any variety of peppermint has soothing , very helpful in reducing acute pain caused by renal colic .
Marshmallow : ( sientifico Name : Althaea officinalis ) Like mint is soothing and anti-inflammatory properties that are used for both the urinary tract to the respiratory (A couple of teaspoons a day of dried root powder mixed in jelly or honey make it nice)
Turmeric ( sientifico Name : Curcuma longa) Used to decrease the size of the stones. A flavoring and a colorant obtained from the dried root powder and used to flavor certain dishes. It is one of the ingredients of curry , along with the coriander , ginger , cardamom , mustard and cumin . ( Eating curry or use turmeric for seasoning meals)
Corn: ( sientifico Name : Zea mays ) The decoction of a couple of tablespoons of corn silk per cup of water for 20 minutes is also useful as a stimulant for kidney failure and kidney stones .
Red vine ( sientifico Name : Vitis vinifera L. ) infusion for 10 minutes a cucharatita of dried leaves per cup of water may help remedy the problems associated with kidney stones .
For external application
Horseradish : Apply a lotion on the painful area with white radish juice . Can be counterproductive in certain people sensitive to this plant , so try the remedy imposed for a short time. Never kept on site for more than 20 minutes.
Clover : ( sientifico Name : Trifolium pratense ) is used to make a salve that soothes the pain. (Make a decoction simmer tender flowers in water until the water evaporates to form a thick paste which is combined with beeswax and is stored in a tightly closed glass jar )
Romero ( sientifico Name : Rosmarinus officinalis ) is a very soothing and relaxing. Infusions of the dried flowering tops can relieve pain. Similarly, if we add a handful of dried plant to bath water , relax us and comfort us .
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